THE VINEYARD - DOMAINE ST JEAN DE VILLECROZE
Grape Varieties & Appellation
The vineyards host classic Provençal varieties of Grenache, Syrah, Cinsault and Vermentino (Rolle), grown across 27 hectares of Côtes de Provence and Coteax Varois En Provence classified vines.
Soils across the estate are predominantly red sandy clay, rich in Bauxite and limestone. Bauxite is the world’s primary source of aluminium and its abundance in the domaine’s geological makeup, twinned with the presence of limestone is what instils the minerality in the range of Selladore En Provence wines.
The vineyard is located in between the Alps and the Mediterranean which creates a microclimate specific to Provence. The iconic Mistral which blows across Provence is highly beneficial and reduces the incidence of all forms of rot during the growing season.
Just 30km to the North of the vineyards, the altitude reaches 1,000m allowing the estate to benefit from localised thunderstorms during the summer months as warm air from the Mediterranean pushes up from the south meeting the descending cool air from the Alps.
Water is supplied via a drip irrigation system for infant vines to ensure they establish themselves once planted. The water used originates from an ancient underground source, the presence of which is what led the Romans to build a chapel and gardens at the estate in the 11th century. Once the vines have reached 3 years old – the time for first harvest – they are no longer irrigated and therefore only draw water from the soil naturally.
While some of the Grenache vines date back to 1932, the average age of the producing vines is 25 years old. Roughly 10 hectares of vines have been removed and replanted over the last 3 years, ensuring the vineyard is always prepared for future vintages.